Due to the strong presence of the automotive industry, Detroit's concentration of Architectural and Engineering-related positions (as indicated by location quotients well above 2.0) is significantly higher than both the U.S. as a whole and the other ten cities listed here. This situation can also be found in Logistician positions, another consequence of the city's reliance upon the automotive industry. In other areas, such as Healthcare and Computer and Mathematical Occupations, Detroit is relatively on par with the nation, with location quotients of 1.04 and 1.14, respectively. Metro Detroit falls drastically short of cities like Seattle and Boston in Computer and Mathematics fields, with respective location quotients of 2.32 and 1.73, compared with 1.14 for Metro Detroit. The location quotients related to Natural Sciences Managers and Life, Physical, and Social Science occupations (0.22 and 0.5, respectively) indicate Detroit is far below the national standard and the worst of the ten cities regarding its concentration of science-related occupations. As scientific discovery is key to advancement in other STEM occupations, this is an area of concern.
Detroit has an incredibly strong Architectural and Engineering base, which is counterbalanced by its weaknesses in the scientific fields. If Detroit can encourage growth beyond its current STEM generation in Engineering and Logistics, it may see substantial economic benefit.
Laura Tack, Research Assistant
Landivar, L. C. (2013). Disparities in STEM Employment by Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin (ACS-24). Retrieved July 30, 2015, from http://beta.census.gov/content/dam/Census/library/publications/2013/acs/acs-24.pdf
May 2014 National Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates. (2014). Retrieved July 23, 2015, from http://www.bls.gov/oes/2014/may/oes_nat.htm
Vilorio, D. (2014). STEM 101: Intro to tomorrow's jobs. Retrieved July 23, 2015, from http://www.stemedcoalition.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/05/BLS-STEM-Jobs-report-spring-2014.pdf